Indian Penal laws are primarily governed by 3 Acts:
Below, an attempt is being made to make the reader briefly understand the process of criminal investigation and trial in India, as a lot of foreign companies and Ex-pats are coming to India, and due to unfortunate circumstances, they may, at times find themselves embroiled in unnecessary criminal cases.
The Table II of the 1st Schedule of Cr.P.C., gives a general guideline to determine whether an offence is bailable, non-bailable, cognizable or non-cognizable. The criteria in the table below, is applicable in those cases which are silent on this aspect. For easy understanding, the following criteria may be understood:
Offence Punishable With Imprisonment For Less Than 3 Years or with fine only is Non-cognizable and Bailable.
Offence Punishable With Imprisonment For 3 Years or more Cognizable and Non-Bailable.
Bail is a rule/right and jail is an exception
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